Historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles

Historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles

The Letters are not in their normal New Testament Order, but in the date order generally agreed by most scholars. All Church members except the apostles were scattered over the countryside of Judea [2] and Samaria [3]. While reverent men buried Stephen and mourned deeply over him, Saul later the apostle Paul harassed the Church bitterly. Those who were dispersed by this action went throughout the country, preaching the good news of the message as they went. Philip the “deacon” and Evangelist , for instance, went down to the city of Samaria [4] and preached Christ to the people there. Philip continues preaching in Samaria; the Apostles Peter and John join him there before returning to Jerusalem; Philip is then directed to another task But an angel of the Lord said to Philip, “Get up and go south down the road which runs from Jerusalem to Gaza [5], out in the desert.

Acts of the Apostles

Until the Ascension of Christ Bethsaida St. Peter’s true and original name was Simon, sometimes occurring in the form Symeon. He was the son of Jona Johannes and was born in Bethsaida John 1: The Apostle Andrew was his brother, and the Apostle Philip came from the same town.

including the New Testament Letters: The Letters are not in their normal New Testament Order, but in the date order generally agreed by most scholars.

Neglecting minor points of difference, which indeed for their adequate discussion would require a study of the Latin text, we may note that R does not contain the clauses “Creator of heaven and earth”, “descended into hell “, “the communion of saints “, “life everlasting”, nor the words “conceived”, “suffered”, “died”, and “Catholic”. Many of these additions, but not quite all, were probably known to St. Jerome in Palestine c. Further additions appear in the creeds of southern Gaul at the beginning of the next century, but T probably assumed its final shape in Rome itself some time before A.

We know nothing certain as to the reasons which led to the adoption of T in preference to R. Articles of the creed Although T really contains more than twelve articles, it has always been customary to maintain the twelvefold division which originated with, and more strictly applies to, R. A few of the more debated items call for some brief comment. The first article of R presents a difficulty. From the language of Tertullian it is contended that R originally omitted the word Father and added the word one; thus, “I believe in one God Almighty “.

Hence Zahn infers an underlying Greek original still partly surviving in the Nicene Creed , and holds that the first article of the Creed suffered modification to counteract the teachings of the Monarchian heresy. It must suffice to say here that although the original language of R may possibly be Greek, Zahn’s premises regarding the wording of the first article are not accepted by such authorities as Kattenbusch and Harnack.

Another textual difficulty turns upon the inclusion of the word only in the second article; but a more serious question is raised by Harnack’s refusal to recognize, either in the first or second article of R, any acknowledgment of a pre-existent or eternal relation of Sonship and Fatherhood of the Divine Persons.

St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles

In relation with the feeding of the Lk9: Because those are sayings “logias” only, I do not see here any relation with GMatthew, more so owing to “compiled” rather than “composed” , as shown in most copies of Eusebius’ work HC. Furthermore, the fact that “Matthew” was attributed a collection of sayings therefore emphasizing Jesus as a sage is supported by the gospel of Thomas: Matthew said to him, “You are like a wise philosopher.

Also gateway to gospels dating through the internal evidence Front page: Jesus, a historical reconstruction (with website search function) You may email the author, and learn more about him here Note: all emphases are mine.

Recommended Books for the Study of Early Christian Writings Information on the Book of Acts of the Apostles The first question that confronts one when examining Luke and Acts is whether they were written by the same person, as indicated in the prefaces. With the agreement of nearly all scholars, Udo Schnelle writes, “the extensive linguistic and theological agreements and cross-references between the Gospel of Luke and the Acts indicate that both works derive from the same author” The History and Theology of the New Testament Writings, p.

This implies the implausibility of the hypothesis of such as John Knox that Marcion knew only Luke, not Acts, and that Acts was an anti-Marcionite production of the mid second century. The next higher critical question is, if Luke and Acts were written by the same person, who was that person? This attestation probably does not stem from reading Irenaeus Adv.

Indeed, considering that the immediate recipient of Luke is mentioned in the preface, and given that the author of the third Gospel is aware that many other accounts have been drawn up before him, it is entirely probable that the author had indicated his name on the autograph. The “most excellent Theophilus” mentioned in the preface of Luke is most likely his patron, as seen in the similar references to “most excellent X” in the prefaces to the De libris propriis liber of Galenus, the De antiquis oratoribus of Dionysius Halicarnassensis, the Scriptor De Divinatione of Melampus, the Peri ton kata antipatheian kai sumpatheian of Nepualius, and both Josephi vita and Contra Apionem of Josephus.

This Luke has traditionally been identified as the one named in Philemon 24 as a co-worker of Paul. Does the internal evidence support the idea that the author of Luke-Acts had known Saul of Tarsus? Chief among the features of Luke-Acts that have always been thought to support the idea that the author knew Paul are the “we passages” found in For example, Acts We spent some time in that city.

Acts of Andrew

In analyzing why certain critical scholars may be inclined to favor later dates, the first reason that would come to mind is, as a liberal biblical critic, one may be trying to find a way to shake the historicity and reliability of Gospel claims. The reason why they would seek to separate the writing of the documents to the life of the original disciples has to do with the concept of the Gospels containing mythology.

Some of these scholars enter the dating arena with the notion that the gospels contain a degree of mythology miracles, virgin birth, resurrection, etc , and because of this they date the books with an innate bias for later dates. Sadly, some scholars build from this bias when the reverse should be attempted. This then allows them to analyze certain scriptural claims in light of mystified information, and thus oversee certain crucial Christian and biblical statements.

The historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles, the principal historical source for the Apostolic Age, is of interest for biblical scholars and historians of Early Christianity as part of the debate over the historicity of the Bible.. Archaeological inscriptions and other independent sources show that Acts contains some accurate details of 1st century society with regard to titles of.

Archived from the original on Moving Toward a Consensus? Cadbury thinks the author is closest to being a historian, but writes on a popular level. Others compare the author to the ancient historian Thucydides, particularly in the matter of composed speeches that strive for verisimilitude. Donelson characterizes the author as a cult historian who travels from place to place gathering traditions, setting down the origin of the sect.

Pervo observes that even scholars such as Haenchen who rate the author as highly unreliable nevertheless classify him as a historian. Burkitt The Gospel History and its Transmission, , pp. In addition it is often alleged that he made use of the writings of Josephus and the letters of Paul. The use of the LXX is not debatable, but the influence of Josephus and Paul has been and is subjected to considerable debate.

University of California Press. A Guide for New Testament Students’, p.

Acts of the Apostles

Disciples couldn’t perform “When they came to the crowd, a man approached Jesus and knelt before him. He often falls into the fire or into the water. I brought him to your disciples, but they could not heal him. How long shall I put up with you? Bring the boy here to me.

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Ignatius of Antioch, a disciple of the Apostle John, wrote a series of letters somewhere about c. I mentioned this on the radio recently, and a listener wrote in to ask: I heard you on Catholic Answers yesterday, and enjoyed the informative show. I am a Protestant far along on the road into the Catholic Church. I heard your message about Ignatius of Antioch and The Real Presence, and his letter to Smyrna on the road to his martyrdom. Then I read his letter to the Smyrnaeans.

Your blog noted John Calvin calling the letter to the Smyrnaeans into question, as if it were not authentic. I too am a lawyer and am eager to know more about the authenticity of the letter to the Smyrnaeans concerning the Eucharist. The letter is compelling on its own. What are those proofs?

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Etymology[ edit ] The Synaxis of the Twelve Apostles. Russian, 14th century, Moscow Museum. It has, however, a stronger sense than the word messenger, and is closer to a “delegate”.

Information on the Acts of Andrew. Jean-Marc Prieur writes concerning dating (The Anchor Bible Dictionary, v. 1, p. ):The Manichean Psalter, which contains some allusions to the content of Acts Andr. (Allberry , , ), establishes the 3d century as the terminus ad quem for the redaction of the apocryphon, but the Acts had to have originated earlier, between and , closer.

Early Christianity and Jewish Christians The Gospel of Luke began with a prologue addressed to Theophilus; Acts likewise opens with an address to Theophilus and refers to “my earlier book”, almost certainly the gospel. The apostles and other followers of Jesus meet and elect Matthias to replace Judas as a member of The Twelve. On Pentecost , the Holy Spirit descends and confers God’s power on them, and Peter, along with John, preaches to many in Jerusalem, and performs Christ-like healings, casting out of evil spirits , and raising of the dead.

The first believers share all property in common , ate in each other’s homes, and worshipped together. Stephen is arrested for blasphemy , and after a trial, is found guilty and stoned by the Jews. Stephen’s death marks a major turning point:


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